Naphthalene balls are commonly used in Indian households as moth repellants or toilet deodorant blocks. One hour after naphthalene ingestion, the boy developed profuse vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Naphthalene has also been detected in tobacco smoke.Acute (shortterm) exposure of humans to naphthalene by inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact is associated with hemolytic anemia, damage to the liver, and neurological damage. result in toxicity in children. These are the symptoms of naphthalene ball poisoning. Naphthalene exposure is a common cause of toxicity in older children, but is rarely described Mothball toxicity Abstract Accidental mothball ingestion is very common in children. Look for convulsions within an hour of when mothballs are ingested. Newborn babies are particularly at risk of damaging their blood cells if they are exposed to naphthalene. We are reporting this case primarily to show that other home products besides moth balls and flakes contain naphthalene and are thus potentially poisonous, and secondly to reemphasize the hemolytic toxicity of naphthalene. We present a case of prolonged naphthalene -induced haemolysis and Additionally, its best to keep the balls in a netted bag or a box instead of placing directly on your clothing to help protect your family from accidental exposure. Acute intravascular hemolysis and methemoglobinemia following naphthalene ball poisoning. Naphthalene occurs as transparent prismatic plates also available as white scales, powder balls, or cakes with a characteristic mothball or strong coal tar and aromatic odour. Ingestion, either accidental or by deliberate self-harm, can occur due to its abundance as well as its candy-resembling appearance. Background: Naphthalene ingestion and skin or inhalational exposure (accidental or deliberate) is an under-recognized cause of a severe toxidrome in regions where it is commonly used (e.g., mothballs in households). Clinically, patients present with acute onset of dark brown urine, watery diarrhea, and non-bloody bilious vomiting 48-96 hours after exposure. I suggest you to admit in a hospital and review your health completely. She was treated with red blood cell transfusions, intravenous 7. Illness Associated with Exposure to Naphthalene in Mothballs -- Indiana In April 1982, the Clark County Health Department in Jeffersonville, Indiana, received a telephone call from a 26-year-old woman whose friends were becoming ill with symptoms of headache, nausea, and vomiting while visiting her apartment. This article is for information only. An active ingredient in some mothballs is naphthalene. Through accidental ingestion of mothballs, especially in pediatric age group children, is known[1] and unintentional exposure to naphthalene in glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient people is known to cause hemolysis,[2] but use of naphthalene mothballs as a suicidal agent is not described much in literature. As a result, the condition has limit Mumbai, Maharashtra BMJ Case Reports. The possibility of secondary exposure by routes other than those resulting from direct application should also be considered (e.g. The hemolytic properties of naphthalene, of the naphthols and naphthoquinones were examined in vitro and in vivo (rabbits). Due to concern for naphthalenes flammability and toxicity, most modern mothballs now contain PDB instead. It is a black solid that dissolves in hydrocarbon solvents to produce a violet solution. Naphthalene poisoning occurs mainly in the paediatric age group and the substance is present in a 100% concentration in naphthalene balls. But, in spite of its many uses, the fumes from naphthalene balls are quite harmful. This can cause organ damage. Potassium iodide - NUTR, GRAS, < 0.01% - In table salt as source of dietary iodine - 184.1634; DS, REG, < 225 micrograms daily ingestion - Other routes of exposure include inhalational and skin contact. The skin may become pale or yellow-coloured. Ingestion - Through accidental consumption or failing to wash your hands after handling moth-balls and then handling food. use for Bathroom, Napthalene Balls repelling or killing insects such as moths and silverfish. Controls bad order in toilets and wash rooms. Naphthalene Balls are exteusively used for keeping products bacteria free. They can also be used around sinks & wash basins to keep the foul smell away. Agitation, lethargy, and seizures may occur with naphthalene ingestion. Naphthalene is a commercially important aromatic hydrocarbon. Naphthalene is a white solid substance with a strong smell. Particular consideration shall be given to any possible impacts on exposure due to particle sizes. Case Presentation. The Effects of Inhaling Moth Balls. Aliyu I, Ibrahim ZF. (2'3) Haemolytic anaemia and methaemoglobinaemia from poisoning can pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to clinicians because it is not commonly encountered. Poisoning most commonly occurs when cats or dogs ingest mothballs. Ingestion of naphthalene-containing mothballs is known to cause oxidative hemolysis in children with glucose-6-phosphate Sahu KK, Dhibar DP, Varma SC: Naphthalene ball poisoning: a rare cause of acquired methaemoglobinaemia. Naphthalene balls are also often used in urinals or bathrooms to repel cockroaches and other pests. We present a case of prolonged naphthalene-induced haemolysis and Moth balls containing naphthalene are generally safe for use around adults and older children, if used correctly and in the right quantity. FAQ. Abstract Background. Following ingestion, these proteins form pores in the insect midgut epithelial cells, resulting in cell lysis and death by removing small balls of fibers that form on the cloth during wearing and washing. In 1989 there were 2,300 reported ingestion of naphthalene ball by children under the age of 6 in United States alone . Naphthalene Balls are exteusively used for keeping products bacteria free Devika Hycare Products Kurla West, Mumbai No. Development of severe methaemoglobinaemia and Serious poisoning in animals is reported to cause tremors and hepatic necrosis. A number of deaths have been reported following intentional ingestion of naphthalene-containing mothballs (ATSDR, 1990). We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. Abstract. marketing@hln.pl | +48 602 618 207 | +48 061 8 973 538 talal al hammad wealth; garrett baxter wife nicole baxter. Conclusion Naphthalene ingestion can lead to severe intravascular hemolysis as well as methemoglobinemia. This article focuses on the management of mothball ingestion with reference to these major ingredients. Deaths have been reported the following ingestion of naphthalene balls. Ingestion of naphthalene-containing products may potentially produce methemoglobinemia or hemolysis. acute and chronic toxicity to animals and humans, epidemiology, and mechanisms of toxicity were evaluated. (2,3) Haemolytic anaemia and methaemoglobinaemia from poisoning can pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to clinicians because it is not commonly encountered. Moth balls; Moth flakes; Camphor tar. A 15-year-old boy presented to emergency services with accidental naphthalene ball ingestion. Toddlers may mistake naphthalene balls for candy and may present with severe hemolysis .Though most common route for exposure is by ingestion, several cases of toxicity have resulted by inhalation and dermal exposure too . A 19-year-old woman ingested 12 mothballs, and presented two days later with haemolysis and methaemoglobinaemia. Naphthalene Toxicity: Methemoglobinemia and Acute Intravascular Hemolysis Abstract. Naphthalene balls can also work as a deodorant in urinals and help in neutralising the strong urine smell. Naphthalene readily forms a vapour at room temperature and therefore, poses an inhalation hazard. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, seizures and coma. Investigate any liver or kidney problems, or be suspicious if hemolytic anemia develops. The liquefied mass is fed into ball press aluminum molds. Chronic inhalation has also caused hemolytic anemia. CBIC exempts BCD and IGST on goods imported for the purpose of AFC Women's Asian Cup India, 2022; Provides that all goods such as Kelme Referee kits, Molten official match balls, b CBIC extends exemption on COVID-19 vaccines from Basic Custom duty (BCD) from December 31, 2021 to June 30, 2022; Amends notification No. The ingestion of mothballs, which come as flakes, tablets, crystals, bars, and balls, can be appealing to dogs due to the odor that they emit and the curious nature of our pets. The least number of taken mothballs was half a ball and the highest number was 20 naphthalene balls. This condition is called hemolytic anemia. The other major industry to use enzymes is food, feed, and beverages. The estimated lethal dose of naphthalene is 5-15 g for adults and 2-3 g for children. 207, Favourite Industrial Estate, Masrani Lane, Kurla West, Mumbai - 400070, Dist. In extreme cases, a tube may be passed through the mouth into the lungs to prevent aspiration.

MOTHBALL EXPOSURE HEALTH EFFECTS . 2014;30(1):3179. non-intended inhalation of sprays, non-intended ingestion of lip products, etc.). Exposure to the substances The most characteristic sign of naphthalene toxicity is acute intravascular haemolysis, Naphthalene is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is insoluble in water and poisoning almost universally occurs due to accidental ingestion of mothballs that are used as insect repellents [4]. The effects of naphthalene poisoning are particularly severe in infants and young children. This article is for information only. Deaths have been reported the following ingestion of naphthalene balls., Naphthalene is erratically absorbed when ingested in the pediatric population. 2.7 Camphor and naphthalene (1) The container requirements of Section 2.1(2) do not apply to a device that contains only camphor or naphthalene in block, ball, disc, pellet or flake form for domestic use, if the device: a) in normal use, prevents removal or Methods: This review is an update for the clinicians to understand the pharmacology, clinical features, laboratory evaluation, and treatment for naphthalene toxicity. Naphthalene ball poisoning: a rare cause of acquired methaemoglobinaemia. When naphthalene melts, other ingredients such as paraffin wax, camphor, etc., are added and mixed well. Deaths have been reported following ingestion of naphthalene balls. The substance is banned due to its toxicity to humans, especially children, and its carcinogenic (cancer causing) properties. This can cause organ damage. - and -naphthol and - and -naphthoquinone were found in the urine of a child suffering from severe hemolytic anemia due to ingestion of naphthalene moth balls. Maternal ingestion of naphthalene-containing mothballs is an uncommon cause of perinatal toxicity. parents, was admitted in the Hospital, 36 hours after ingestion of naphthalene mothball. Long-term exposure to mothball fumes can also harm pets and people. Naphthalene poisoning is a rare form of toxicity that may occur after ingestion, inhalation, or dermal Introduction. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, seizures and coma. Moth balls contain a highly toxic substance called naphthalene. naphthalene and paradichlorobenzine. In 4 cases of fulminating hemolytic anemia in young children observed during a period of two years the ingestion of moth balls consisting of pure naphthalene (C10H8) was the sole apparent etiologic factor. Naphthalene is an aromatic hydrocarbon that may be found in mothballs, deodorizers, or insecticides [ 1, 2 ]. If swallowed, naphthalene can damage red blood cells, causing kidney damage and many other problems. Though it is freely available around this country, poisoning has never been reported in the literature. Mothballs come in cakes, scales, powder, balls, cubes, spheres, and flakes and may contain the insecticides naphthalene, paradi-chlorobenzene (PDB), or occasionally camphor. It is best known as the main ingredient of traditional mothballs Abstract. is that naphthalene is a white crystalline hydrocarbon manufactured from coal tar; used in mothballs while mothball is a small ball of chemical pesticide and deodorant placed in or around clothing and other articles susceptible to damage from mold or moth larvae in order to protect them from this damage; mothballs have For last 7 days the boy used to play with naphthalene mothball which were kept for household use and inquisitively he ingested part of a naphthalene ball. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. He had no history suggestive of congenital haemoglobin M disease. Cataracts have also been reported in workers acutely exposed to naphthalene by inhalation and ingestion. Watch for signs of eye, nose, throat and lung irritation, respiratory problems, vertigo, confusion, headache, nausea, vomiting and/or fatigue. Stomach problems may not occur until 2 days after coming in contact with the poison. Buckminsterfullerene is a type of fullerene with the formula C 60.It has a cage-like fused-ring structure (truncated icosahedron) made of twenty hexagons and twelve pentagons, and resembles a soccer ball.Each carbon atom has three bonds. Naphthalene poisoning (or mothball poisoning) is a form of poisoning that occurs when naphthalene is ingested. Are naphthalene balls safe? Publication types Review MeSH terms Adult Aged It can affect how blood carries oxygen to the heart, brain, and other organs. If swallowed, naphthalene can damage red blood cells, causing kidney damage and many other problems. naphthalene balls eaten by baby. Abstract. Paradichlorobenzene acute ingestions are virtually always innocuous. He had no history suggestive of congenital haemoglobin M disease. Answer (1 of 6): Napthalene balls have been used for a long time to dispel moths. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure.

The fatal dose for naphthalene in humans is unknown, but as little as one mothball can result in toxicity in children. Define naphthalene poisoning. Exposure to large amounts of naphthalene may damage or destroy some of your red blood cells. Health effects from mothballs depend on the active ingredient and the type of exposure. It is sparingly soluble in water but soluble in methanol/ethanol and very soluble in ether. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. Naphthalene and paradichlorobenzene are two ingredients used in mothballs. It is also highly flammable. Ingestional naphthalene mothball poisoning leading to prolonged haemolysis and methaemoglobinaemia can present with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Although the FDA has determined moth balls to be safe for general use, the inhalation of a moth ball or its fumes can cause serious health problems. Naphthalene, also known as naphthalin, is a crystalline, aromatic, white, solid hydrocarbon (PAH: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon) with formula C10H8 and the structure of two fused benzene rings. It is best known as the traditional, primary ingredient of moth balls. The ingestion of mothballs, which come as flakes, tablets, crystals, bars, and balls, can be appealing to dogs due to the odor that they emit and the curious nature of our pets. Older mothballs most commonly contain naphthalene. "Ingestion of naphthalene mothballs can cause anemia, lethargy, vomiting, and sometimes kidney or liver damage." 7. As these spheres rise, they are carried downstream by the flow velocity. Those who are looking for an answer to the question Are moth balls harmful to cats and dogs? often ask the following questions: result in toxicity in children. Maintain temperature at 88 C, and a stirring material shakes. Naphthalene (mothball) is a commonly used deodorizer in the Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka. Experimental studies in dogs confirmed the hemolytic action of naphthalene. Modern PDB mothballs are less toxic but can still cause illness, especially when ingested. Ingestion of naphthalene mothballs can cause gastrointestinal upset and less frequently, anemia, neurologic signs, and kidney or liver damage. An active ingredient in some mothballs is naphthalene.If swallowed, naphthalene can damage red blood cells, causing kidney damage and many other problems. CoNLL17 Skipgram Terms - Free ebook download as Text File (.txt), PDF File (.pdf) or read book online for free. The cause of poisoning was intentional in 34 (65%) cases and accidental in 18 (35%) cases. Airway and breathing support, including oxygen. The method is simple and consists of the release of buoyant spheres resembling like ping pong balls from the channel floor. Yes, sniffing naphthalene balls is dangerous to health. When napthalene gas is smelled, the body breaks it down into other chemicals that react with cells in our body and also damage several tissues. Moreover, if clothing stored in napthalene balls are worn as such without washing them, than it may even cause anaemia. Naphthalene is a white solid substance with a strong smell. The fatal dose for naphthalene in humans is unknown, but as little as one mothball can result in toxicity in children. Cats are more sensitive to their toxic effects, but dogs are more likely to ingest mothballs due to their curious nature. First, feed the naphthalene flakes into a jacketed pot. People who have recently eaten many mothballs containing naphthalene may be forced to vomit. It can affect how blood carries oxygen to the heart, brain, and other organs. Health effects from mothballs depend on the active ingredient and the type of exposure. Naphthalene was introduced in 1841 by Rossbach as an antiseptic to counteract typhoid fever. In order to avoid wasteful duplication of effort, information from the following Dose-Response Information from Five Key Studies of Naphthalene Toxicity . Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is an organic chemical compound.It is a simple alcohol with the chemical formula C 2 H 6 O. REPORT OF CASE R. A.

Children with medical conditions may also develop kidney damage, anaemia, and jaundice. These have several detrimental qualities including a high level of flammability. When used according to label directions, no signifcant health effects are expected. Other treatments may include: Activated charcoal to prevent the poison from absorbing in the digestive system. Ingestion - Through accidental consumption or failing to wash your hands after handling moth-balls and then handling food. Severe poisoning can result in haemolytic anaemia. Some of the symptoms that may occur after exposure to large quantities of naphthalene are fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Following consumption he developed methaemoglobinaemia, massive intravascular haemolysis and acute kidney injury. In short, the answer is no, naphthalene moth balls are not safe. Some symptoms of hemolytic anemia are fatigue, lack of appetite, restlessness, and pale skin. When used according to label directions, no signifcant health effects are expected. Naphthalene is a primary skin irritant and is acutely irritating to the eyes of humans (Sandmeyer, 1981). The resultant pigment nephropathy may also lead to It can also cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, seizures and coma. Mothballs consist either of naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene, the toxicities of which are very different. As stated previously, naphthalene does not break down in the environment; moth balls used outside wear away to seep right into the ground water. 2016;2016:bcr2016215102. Epidemiology As an aromatic hydrocarbon, naphthalene's structure consists of a fused pair of benzene rings. They can include: Abdominal painNausea and vomitingDiarrheaThe person may also have a fever. Furthermore, skin irritation is common. Naphthalene is a widely used industrial and household chemical in the form of chevrolet performance ls7 crate engine 19329246; isaiah wong draft projection; owl carousel slider multiple items; head radar rachel lens; PREZENTACJA; 8. MOTHBALL EXPOSURE HEALTH EFFECTS . Conclusion. Kapoor R, Suresh P, Barki S, Mishra M, Garg MK. Deaths have been reported following ingestion of naphthalene balls. Naphthalene toxicity is associated with methemoglobinemia, hypotension, hemolytic anemia, and hyperbilirubinemia, as well as other hepatic, renal, and respiratory complications. Although naphthalene was widely used industrially, only nine cases of poisoning have been reported since 1947 as of 1956, suggesting underdiagnosis of the condition. Development of severe methaemoglobinaemia and intravascular haemolysis is quite unusual after consumption of a single It can affect how blood carries oxygen to the heart, brain, and other organs. A 15-year-old boy presented to emergency services with accidental naphthalene ball ingestion. Children and pets are also vulnerable to naphthalene poisoning. Acute hemolysis may occur, especially in patients with G6PD deficiency. naphthalene poisoning synonyms, naphthalene poisoning pronunciation, naphthalene poisoning translation, English dictionary definition of naphthalene poisoning. (268751), admitted Jan. 2, 1954, was a 2-year-old white boy of Puerto Rican 9-6 Table 9-2. Poisoning from naphthalene destroys or changes red blood cells so they cannot carry oxygen. Most countries have replaced naphthalene with 1, 4-dichlorobenzene and mothballs have been banned. Naphthalene (mothball) is a commonly used deodorizer in the Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka. Click to see full answer Similarly one may ask, can naphthalene balls kill humans? Poisoning from naphthalene destroys or changes red blood cells so they cannot carry oxygen. The clinical presentations are given in Figure 1. Some of the common signs and symptoms of an acute inhalation exposure to naphthalene include headache, confusion, nausea, vomiting and profuse perspiration [1, 3]. Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula C 10 H 8.It is the simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, and is a white crystalline solid with a characteristic odor that is detectable at concentrations as low as 0.08 ppm by mass. Following consumption he developed methaemoglobinaemia, massive intravascular haemolysis and acute kidney injury. Naphthalene poisoning is a rare form of toxicity that may occur after ingestion, inhalation, or dermal exposure to naphthalene-containing compounds such as mothballs. An additional mode may be intentional ingestion, as suicide attempts with mothballs have been reported [1] [4]. Since water treatment plants do not remove PBTs, the use of moth balls outside contributes to a poisoning of our drinking water. Naphthalene1 Structures2 Names and Identifiers. 3 Chemical and Physical Properties. 4 Spectral Information. 6 Chemical Vendors7 Drug and Medication Information8 Agrochemical Information. 9 Pharmacology and Biochemistry10 Use and Manufacturing. 11 Identification. More items